Involves placement of a liquid medication directly into the bladder to help destroy cancer cells or keep them from returning
Is the use of intravenous (IV) medications to destroy cancer cells
Uses beams of energy to destroy cancer cells
Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) is the most common surgery for bladder cancer that’s in the early stages. This procedure is done in a hospital, but you should be able to go home the same day or the next.
Your doctor will put an instrument called a resectoscope into your bladder through your urethra. That’s the tube that urine flows through when you go to the bathroom. The resectoscope has a wire loop at the end. Your doctor will use it to remove abnormal tissues or tumors. If you still have cancer after the tumor is removed, your doctor can destroy it using a laser and another tool called a cystoscope.
In this type of surgery, your doctor removes part of your bladder (a partial cystectomy) or all of it (a radical cystectomy).
If cancer has spread to the muscle layer of your bladder and is still small, your doctor may be able to perform a partial cystectomy. But most people who have cancer that has grown into the muscle of the bladder will need a more extensive surgery instead.
If the cancer is large or has spread to more than one part of your bladder, your doctor will likely remove the entire organ and the nearby lymph nodes. This is a radical cystectomy.