BLADDER CANCER

If you have been diagnosed with bladder cancer, there are several available treatment options available at most stages. Your doctor can help you decide which treatment is best for you and this will depend on a number of factors. These include your age, how much the cancer has spread, and any additional health conditions you may have. Bladder cancer found in its early stages has an excellent chance to be cured.

Intravesical Therapy
Involves placement of a liquid medication directly into the bladder to help destroy cancer cells or keep them from returning

Chemotherapy
Is the use of intravenous (IV) medications to destroy cancer cells

Radiation
Uses beams of energy to destroy cancer cells

Surgery
Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) is the most common surgery for bladder cancer that’s in the early stages. This procedure is done in a hospital, but you should be able to go home the same day or the next.

Your doctor will put an instrument called a resectoscope into your bladder through your urethra. That’s the tube that urine flows through when you go to the bathroom. The resectoscope has a wire loop at the end. Your doctor will use it to remove abnormal tissues or tumors. If you still have cancer after the tumor is removed, your doctor can destroy it using a laser and another tool called a cystoscope.

Cystectomy
In this type of surgery, your doctor removes part of your bladder (a partial cystectomy) or all of it (a radical cystectomy).

If cancer has spread to the muscle layer of your bladder and is still small, your doctor may be able to perform a partial cystectomy. But most people who have cancer that has grown into the muscle of the bladder will need a more extensive surgery instead.

If the cancer is large or has spread to more than one part of your bladder, your doctor will likely remove the entire organ and the nearby lymph nodes. This is a radical cystectomy.



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